react-native

Use rn-fetch-blob to download (background) and resume a file in react-native on iOS and android

rn-fetch-blob is a famous lib that supports upload, download files. You can be easy to install this lib with the Readme on github. But with current lib, it has an issue in download background on iOS so I forked them to my repos and custom for this function.

I will explain the process running of my works. Prepares an url that you want to download, this is an example url: const url = https://sample-videos.com/video123/mp4/720/big_buck_bunny_720p_10mb.mp4

  1. Creates a path output for download result, example:
import RNFetchBlob from 'rn-fetch-blob'

const { fs: { dirs } } = RNFetchBlob
const PATH_TO_LIST = dirs.DocumentDir
const dest = `${PATH_TO_LIST}/big_buck_bunny_720p_10mb.mp4`
  1. Creates a temp path if start downloading, you will save the data into temp path. After done, append data from temp path to your path
const tmpPath = `${dest}.download`
  1. Check existing tmpPath in current your local saving, there is a difference in this case between iSO and android, so I separated into, look at an example
 RNFetchBlob.fs.ls(PATH_TO_LIST).then(files => {
     console.log(files)
   })
   fs.exists(tmpPath)
     .then(ext => {
       if (ext) {
         if (this.isAndroid) {
           this.startTime = new Date().valueOf()
           return fs.stat(dest)
         }
         return fs.appendFile(dest, tmpPath, 'uri').then(() => {
           this.startTime = new Date().valueOf()
           return fs.stat(tmpPath)
         })
       }
       this.startTime = new Date().valueOf()
       return Promise.resolve({ size: 0 })
     })

In android, if existing the tmpPath in downloaded list, I will stat(dest) because when we cancel the process, we will append data to dest file, so stat(dest) to know current size downloaded In iOS, if when we cancel the process, data only save at tmpPath, so need to stat(tmpPath).

  1. After checked existing of tmpPath, we config to start downloading. To config download background on iOS, you just need to add IOSBackgroundTask and IOSDownloadTask
   .then(stat => {
       this.downtask = RNFetchBlob.config({
         IOSBackgroundTask: true, // required for both upload
         IOSDownloadTask: true, // Use instead of IOSDownloadTask if uploading
         path: this.isAndroid ? tmpPath : dest,
         fileCache: true
       })
         .fetch('GET', url, {
           Range: this.isAndroid ? `bytes=${stat.size}-` : ''
         })
         .progress((receivedStr, totalStr) => {
            // calculate the process
         })
     )
  1. Cache error, there are some status of errors returned, when you cancel, it also throw an error, so check carefully
    this.downtask.catch(async err => { console.log(err.message) })
    

Notice: when you call this.downtask.cancel, iOS will throw an error, you can cache on it, but android is different, it will continue running next step like the video downloaded. In next step, I saved data of the tmpPath into dest path, and unlink tmpPath, so this is the reason I stat(dest) in checking the existing before.

Finally, let take a look for the whole function

const startDownloading = () => {
    RNFetchBlob.fs.ls(PATH_TO_LIST).then(files => {
          console.log(files)
        })
        fs.exists(tmpPath)
          .then(ext => {
            if (ext) {
              if (this.isAndroid) {
                this.startTime = new Date().valueOf()
                return fs.stat(dest)
              }
              return fs.appendFile(dest, tmpPath, 'uri').then(() => {
                this.startTime = new Date().valueOf()
                return fs.stat(tmpPath)
              })
            }
            this.startTime = new Date().valueOf()
            return Promise.resolve({ size: 0 })
          })
          .then(stat => {
            this.downtask = RNFetchBlob.config({
              IOSBackgroundTask: true, // required for both upload
              IOSDownloadTask: true, // Use instead of IOSDownloadTask if uploading
              path: this.isAndroid ? tmpPath : dest,
              fileCache: true
            })
              .fetch('GET', url, {
                Range: this.isAndroid ? `bytes=${stat.size}-` : ''
              })
              .progress((receivedStr, totalStr) => {
                // Do any things

              })
              this.downtask.catch(async err => {
                // Check error
              })
       })
       .then(file => {
            if (Platform.OS === 'android') {
              return fs.appendFile(dest, file.path(), 'uri')
            }
          })

          // remove tmp file ( file at ${dest}.download )
          .then(() => {
            if (Platform.OS === 'android') {
              return fs.unlink(tmpPath)
            }
            return null
          })
          // stat dest to get info downloaded of a video
          .then(() => {
            return fs.stat(dest)
          })
          .then(async stat => {
          // Downloaded successfully
          })
  }

I introduced you to start downloading a video, so how to pause and resume? It's very easy, you just only cancel the process, .downloading file is still kept into local, the process will stop

 this.downtask.cancel(() => { // Do any thing })

To resume this process, you just need to call startDownloading again, the function checked downloading or not. So you can use it for both start or resume download

Thanks for everybody read my post, if you have any unclear things, you can leave messages, I will answer or help you resolve your problem.

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